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Amazing creatures of the seas and oceans

The sea depths are full of mysteries and inhabited by amazing creatures, which are discussed today.

The largest animal on the planet living in the ocean is the whale. Despite the fact that he is huge, its throat is very small, and the mouth was blocked by Horny plates with fringed edges, which is also called whalebone.

This is baleen for straining food. And eats whale: typing in the jaws of sea water, he filters it through baleen, like a huge sieve.

Water is strained and poured, and small animals – crustaceans and fish, stay inside the pharynx. And though the whale lives in the ocean, he is not a fish – he’s a big marine animal. Female whales feed their young babies with milk, and breathe, the whales, and terrestrial animals – air.

And then there are the toothed whales called sperm whales. They have whalebone is not available, but grow the huge jaws and sharp teeth. The sperm whale dives deep in the sea and get those teeth of an octopus or squid.

Stars are not only high in the sky, but in the depths of the ocean. These stars live, they are called sea stars. Sea stars feed on mollusks. They crawl on the ocean floor, moving their limbs, similar to Lusikisiki and looking for prey. And when you stumble upon a conch shell, grab her with its rays, and peeping through the casement, start to eat the soft contents. Continue reading

Sea stars (Asteroidea)

Sea stars (Asteroidea) – the denizens of the deep, the class of invertebrates such as echinoderms. Starfish being relatives of sea cucumbers, brittle stars, sea lilies, sea cucumbers, sea urchins, – currently there are about 1600 species, having star-shaped or pentagonal shape. The starfish, despite its inactivity and the absence of the head itself, well developed nervous and digestive systems. Why, in fact, “echinoderms”. It’s all in the hard skin of sea stars – from the outside it is covered with short needles or spikes. Conventionally, these whimsical creatures can be divided into three groups: common sea stars, feather stars, known for wriggling rays (up to 50!), and “fragile” stars, casting its beams in case of danger. However, for this animal is not difficult to grow themselves new, and from each beam soon there will be new stars. How is that possible? – Due to the characteristics of the structure of stars – each of its rays made in the same way, and contains: two digestive outgrowth of the stomach, performing the function of the liver red eye spot at the tip of the beam, protected by a ring of needles radial bundles of nerves olfactory organs (they are the same suction cups and method of transportation) located in the groove on the ventral side papules is skin gills in the form of fine short fibers, located on the back and producing the gas exchange processes of genital organs (usually two of gondina each beam) skeleton consisting of a longitudinal series of vertebrae within, and hundreds of calcareous plates with spines, covering the skin and connected with muscle that not only protects the animal from damage, but also makes it very flexible rays. The bodies of starfish are made of 80% calcium carbonate. Thus, each ray of the starfish, being separated from her body, it is a viable and rapidly regenerates. Continue reading

Dangerous animals of the Black sea

The black sea the friendly sea, there is almost never found dangerous for animals. Those are just a few of the inhabitants of the Black sea. that can cause us trouble.

The history of the Black sea shows that man is much more dangerous for the sea and its inhabitants than they are for him

In Black sea there are two kinds of bet — the Scorpion Scorpaena notata noticeable, it is not more than 15 centimeters in length, and black sea Scorpion Scorpaena porcus — up to half — but such a big meet is deeper, farther from shore. The main difference between the black sea Scorpion fish — long, to fit the flaps, the supraorbital tentacles. The Scorpion fish these visible growths short.

The wounds from the spikes Scorpion fish cause burning pain, the injections is red and swollen, then malaise, fever, and your stay is for a day or two interrupted. If you have suffered from thorns ruff — contact your doctor. Wounds should be treated, as ordinary scratches. The main symptoms of poisoning with poison of sea perch — local inflammation (where pricked) and General allergic reaction. Therefore, the only tablets that can help are anti-Allergy (antihistamine) drugs — remember that you need to adhere strictly to the instructions for use of tablets, which apply to all of the drugs. Deaths from injections scorpene known. Accidentally on it too, no one comes and we suffer from its barbs curious divers and anglers, when you shoot a ruff with the hook or removed from the network. Incidentally, the marine fish is very tasty fish, just clean it carefully — the poison persists even Scorpion fish, polievka in the fridge. Continue reading

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