The problem of reducing the area of Maritime forests of the Mediterranean
Last week we told you that the European Commission on the environment from June 1 began to conduct stress tests of nuclear power plants located on the territory of the countries-EU members. Less than a week since the beginning of the stress test, as one after the other important decisions were taken. Colazione the German government, which followed potassimu Japan zemletryasenie a magnitude of 9.0 and the subsequent accident at the NPP “Fukushima-1” has stopped some damaged reactors in the country, decided to 2022 to close all German nuclear power plants.
Germany became the first industrial country that decided to abandon nuclear energy, against nuclear energy, which has inflamed with new force after a radiation leak in March from the nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1”. According to the decision, stopped seven reactors are restarted, and a large part of the 17 NPP in the country will be stopped by 2021. The German environmental Minister Norbert Röttgen said that the three NPP will be in force during the year in the event of energy shortages. In this regard, the term of the final stop of the nuclear power plant was postponed on 2022. It should be noted that in the list of countries. first place in the number of nuclear power plants are the USA, Germany is in fifth place. 26% of the produced electricity in Germany is accounted for by the NPP. I hope that this is important to the future of our planet toccatina initiative will become an example for other countries in the world.
Have you heard, dear friends, about the existence of “marine forests”, or other words, colonies of seaweed called Posidonia ocean? The oceanic Posidonia grows on the bottom of the Mediterranean sea and is an important part of its ecosystem, saturating the water with oxygen. The Poseidon grow to a depth of 50 m, forming thickets that serve as home to many small species of fish. Basin of the Mediterranean sea, bordered by Turkey, is one of the 200 ecologically important from a global point of view regions of the world. The territory of the Mediterranean sea, which has 5 million years is 2.5 million km of 0.8% of the entire water covering the Ground. Despite the fact that in comparison with the total area of the seas and oceans Mediterranean sea is not so great, feature of this semi-enclosed sea is rich in biodiversity, it is home to 6 % of known marine species. About 29 % of the Mediterranean fauna is endemic, i.e. found only in this sea. Flora and fauna of the Mediterranean coast of Turkey attracts attention with its diversity of species. For example, sea forests of Turkey provide habitats for sea turtles, but their population is on the verge of extinction, the Mediterranean seal, sea bass and tuna. However, the rich fauna of the Mediterranean is in danger because of pollution, loss of natural habitats, alien species, excessive or illegal fishing fish, climate change and other factors.
The reduction of marine forests in the Mediterranean sea means the loss of his ecosistema. The colony of Poseidon ocean are home to over a thousand species of marine life, along with this is an essential source of oxygen and one of the most important components of the ecosystem of the coastal strip of the Mediterranean sea. It is assumed that one square meter thickets of Poseidon ocean produces 14 liters of oxygen per day. It is known that more than 1200 species of marine fauna are of direct relevance to Maritime forests.
The area of the algae of Poseidon ocean in the coastal strip of the Aegean sea, bordering Turkey, is quite large. Unfortunately, Maritime forests, which are protected by law, suffer from Maritime transport, the rapid urbanization of the coasts and pollution of sea water. The decrease in the area of Maritime forest leads to disappearance of natural habitats of many species of fish. Maritime forests, according to the EU legislation, are included in the list of species of priority importance from the point of view of protection. However, the pollution of the seas, coasts construction, fish harvesting, climate change, the spread of tropical algae-killer leads to a decrease in the area of Maritime forests. In addition, Posidonia oceanic — a perennial plant that develops slowly and gives few seeds. Therefore, we can say that the restoration of Maritime forests requires several centuries, in other words, their disappearance almost forever.
Unfortunately, Turkey, which has a long coastline, is the country most endangered species of the coastal forest. Algae-killer that fall from the Pacific ocean to the Mediterranean sea, typically posredstvom vessels anchors to which they cling, threatening marine forests is an important component of the marine flora. In this regard, on the initiative of the office for environmental protection of Turkey started the struggle with algae-killers. The most serious is the situation in the area Yassiada and Göcek. There is artificial planting of Poseidon ocean, which gives good results. In Turkey the protection of the coastal forest is also the Foundation for the protection of wildlife, to prevent damage that is caused by mooring vessels to the seabed, installed in the area of Cereal floating platform for mooring. Now the court instead of anchors, will be moored to the platform and, thus, will not suffer the Maritime forest. Dear friends, we have with great care to protect every corner of our world: sea, mountains, forests. To protect them is our human duty. Let’s not forget about it. See you next week. All the best.