White sea belongs to the basin of the Arctic ocean and represents a huge reservoir polutoratonny. Seas of this type are relatively few. Similar characteristics possess Black sea, the Mediterranean, the Baltic and Hudson Bay. White sea is the smallest of them. It is divided into two unequal parts – the Northern (outer) and southern (inner). They are joined by a relatively narrow Strait, also called the throat.
In modern times, few bodies of water that don’t pollute and the White sea is no exception. Anthropogenic pollution of the White sea began immediately after the occurrence on its shores of a man and eventually became so significant that the consequences can be observed today.
In a relatively short era of navigation, some areas of the bottom, especially in small lips, where it is convenient to stand during the storm, were so covered with coal slag, which still have not recovered destroyed the bottom biocenoses. These environmental problems of the White sea cannot be considered modern, though harm from them not less.
The woodworking industry has no less impact on the ecology of the White sea. Wastes at sawmill one keretsky industrialist, was filled in the Strait between the two Islands on which it is located.The forest industry is one of the key environmental problems of the White sea. Continue reading
The history of breeding goldfish Asia has at least a Millennium and originated from children’s hobby to collecting. in which the housing was offered and developed in cages. in the paddocks. in the wells. in tubs and barrels for all small and medium animals — as the first kind of Pets at home .
In China and Korea over a thousand years ago was engaged in not only fishing. but breeding and raising goldfish. Over the years of breeding the Chinese fish farmers. appeared and established natural mutations with drastic changes in body shape and fin structure. eyes. the structure of the skin and staining fish were obtained decorative forms and color variations, which became the core of most of today’s known species.
The first written mention of the Golden fish with red scales came from China during the reign of the Qing dynasty ( 265 -420 ad ). In those days, these fish were seen in one of the lakes of mount Lushan. the area of the river the City is near the modern province of Shaanxi. which flows to the South China and Northern Vietnam.  In the ancient Chinese treatise Shan Hai Jing. presumably written in the late centuries BC — the beginning of our, there is also a record of the “red carp”. However, there is absolutely no certainty that these wild representatives were the ancestors of segodnyashnaya fish. It is assumed that the red coloration was obtained as a result of purposeful breeding work first pet lovers and falls on the reign of the Tang dynasty ( 618 -907 year of a new era ). 
It is possible that the appearance of unusual forms and colors of goldfish had a direct influence of the religious community professing Buddhism. manifestation of pity and humanity to the poor, while maintaining the ugly offspring of pond fish in specially equipped farms and dams, and then in specially created containers and decorative vessels; not taking them for food. Continue reading
Reproduction and spawning
Reproductive behavior of tropical marine fishes is poorly documented because only a few species breed in captivity. However, some – such as clowns, gobies and seahorses to breed relatively simple. Others, like coral fish may spawn in the aquarium but the fry are so immature that they are very difficult to grow.
To ensure availability in the aquarium at least one opposite-sex pairs marine fish breeding is almost impossible, because in most species males and females are externally indistinguishable just. However, if you keep the fish in the pack, their behavior will help you to determine the sex charges. If two identical fish fight is most likely male contesting territorial rights. If two fish are related to each other friendly, it can be compatible in a female and male. Unusual swimming movements or postures may not be indicative of flirting – so, in your aquarium just got a couple. In the mating season sometimes appear insignificant physical differences: the female has, of course, the belly is inflated from the calves. Males often intensifies the color, and the picture loses clarity. Some species are able to change their gender, what does not prevent, but rather contributes to the search for a pair for spawning. For example, all multiclone – males, but if you have a small group (two individuals), the dominant fish will become the female and will mate with the nearest dominant male. Kood I-frames and some coral sex change occurs in the opposite direction: the dominant individual in a purely female group turns into a male. Continue reading