Atkritumu fish. One dorsal fin. Pelvic fins located on the belly. In the pectoral fins and in most species the dorsal fin is spiny, often jagged rays. Non-rising mouth surrounded by tendrils. The jaws teeth. Body naked or covered with bony plates. Many have an adipose fin.
The inhabitants of the mainly tropical and subtropical freshwaters of South and Central America, Africa and Asia.
The squad consists of 20-30 families and over 1,200 species. 2 family of marine fish.
The Catfish Family – Siluridae
Body naked, elongated. Adipose fin not. The head is flattened, the mouth large, polverini. Dorsal fin short (not more than 5 rays). Anal fin long, not less than 70 rays. These freshwater and brackish-water predatory fish with spring and summer spawning. They live in fresh water in Europe and Asia, in addition to the basin of the Arctic ocean.
The family includes 8 genera, 2 of which are found in our country.
Rod Catfish – Silurus. Antennae 3 pairs. Thorn in the pectoral fin is smooth.
The genus includes 2 species.
Com S. glanis Linne, 1758. Front mandibular barbels shorter than the back. Spiny rays of the pectoral fin is strong (Fig. 110, 1). Reaches a length of 5 m. of residential Forms and the checkpoint form. These fish developed to take care of offspring. Soma build primitive nests from vegetation remnants.Inhabit the waterways of Europe: the Rhine, North to South Finland, and South to Asia Minor. Continue reading
Aquarium fish, by definition, live and breed in the aquarium. For the most part, people have fish for decoration, but in some cases they are specially bred for sale. Ornamental fish in natural conditions live in subtropical and tropical fresh waters, and obliges the owner of the aquarium to maintain appropriate habitat conditions with a high temperature water environment.
Many aquarium fish have odd shapes, small sizes and bright colors, for which they are highly appreciated in the decorative plan. The most popular are goldfish, which as if came to us from the famous fairy tale. In the Russian realities aquarium fish is ecosublime, Cypriniformes and Perciformes orders. Well, most often in aquariums of our residents can meet angelfish, barbs, catfish and nannostomusy.
If you are new to the aquarium thing, we might think that fish is an extremely stupid water creatures. In fact, they are bought only for beauty and decoration, so the mind is required. Moreover, some people consider fish not as living beings but as a real decorative object. Only with time come to them the idea that in the aquarium swim real Pets, for which poznavatelnoe very interesting to watch. Aquarium fish are often attracted to genetic research, resulting in new and very beautiful variety.
To do fish, you can not only adults but also children. For the latter category is especially useful, since communication with aquatic animals, develops psychological comfort and establishes emotional contact. Simultaneously, children develop skills and a sense of responsibility. Fish can even be affected person on a physiological level. In the process of monitoring the normalization of blood pressure, disappears stress, calms heart. Continue reading
Goldfish – Telescope (moor Carassius auratus) is an ornamental aquarium fish of the Carp family (Cyprinidae). This fish is also called depakinom and a water dragon. The telescope is one of the forms of the goldfish (Carasius auratus), bred through long selection.
The fish – telescopes bulbous rounded body. Its height more than half length of body. The fish have lengthened (up to ¾ of body length) two-bladed tail fin hanging down. The fin on the back stands upright. All other fins – long veil. The name telescope fish was at its largest (about 2 cm), protruding (bulging) eyes. The diameter of the eyes of the instances that took in Shanghai, up to 5 cm Fish – telescopes differ in the length and shape of the fins, color, presence or absence of scales and many others. Telescopes with a tail fin similar to a skirt, usually called a skirt, but if the tail is in the shape of ribbons — strip telescopes. More widespread telescopes, whose velvet-black color of the body, beautiful elongated fins and a forked caudal fin. The height of the body of the fish is equal to ¾ of its length. The black body of the telescope is covered with scales, which is in straight rows.
Telescopes that have symmetrical black and white color are called pandas, but if the torso is painted white, and panicipant black — billed magpie. Distinguished several types of telescopes, depending on the size, shape, and directions of the axes of the eye. Your eyes basically are: disc, spherical, spherical, conical and cylindrical. The eyes should be symmetrical and the same size. The fish, in which the axis of the eye is directed upward, is called the heavenly eye or the stargazers. Such fish is a separate species. Stargazers have a small long forked tail, and lack of dorsal fin. Continue reading