Marine aquarium

The first thing we need to think about is the size of your aquarium. Much easier to maintain in good condition a large volume of sea water than small. The minimum size of marine aquarium should be 100 x 50 x 50 cm the larger the aquarium you can afford, the better.

Technically, the organization of the aquarium with sea or brackish water is absolutely the same as freshwater. The main difference is only that in water you need to add salt. Since this water is in increasingly corrosive than freshwater, aquarium eliminated any metal objects. The destruction of the metal in the water can lead to poisoning of fish.

All items used for preparation of water and irrigation of the soil (buckets, colanders, spoons etc.), should be plastic. If you have an external thermostat, stick them to the glass and do not hang on the wall of the aquarium with the help of metal hooks with which they are sold. The same applies to the combined instrument heater-thermostat Even fixing of luminescent lamps to the cover must be non-metallic.


For most of us to use clean seawater is not possible, because either we live too far from the sea, or the seawater is heavily polluted. Manufacturers produce salt for sostoyatelnoy sea water with the right balance of minerals that the fish need. You just have to mix the salt with tap water in accordance with instructions to obtain the required specific gravity of the final solution. Continue reading


Goldfish – Telescope (moor Carassius auratus) is an ornamental aquarium fish of the Carp family (Cyprinidae). This fish is also called depakinom and a water dragon. The telescope is one of the forms of the goldfish (Carasius auratus), bred through long selection.

The fish – telescopes bulbous rounded body. Its height more than half length of body. The fish have lengthened (up to ¾ of body length) two-bladed tail fin hanging down. The fin on the back stands upright. All other fins – long veil. The name telescope fish was at its largest (about 2 cm), protruding (bulging) eyes. The diameter of the eyes of the instances that took in Shanghai, up to 5 cm Fish – telescopes differ in the length and shape of the fins, color, presence or absence of scales and many others. Telescopes with a tail fin similar to a skirt, usually called a skirt, but if the tail is in the shape of ribbons — strip telescopes. More widespread telescopes, whose velvet-black color of the body, beautiful elongated fins and a forked caudal fin. The height of the body of the fish is equal to ¾ of its length. The black body of the telescope is covered with scales, which is in straight rows.

Telescopes that have symmetrical black and white color are called pandas, but if the torso is painted white, and panicipant black — billed magpie. Distinguished several types of telescopes, depending on the size, shape, and directions of the axes of the eye. Your eyes basically are: disc, spherical, spherical, conical and cylindrical. The eyes should be symmetrical and the same size. The fish, in which the axis of the eye is directed upward, is called the heavenly eye or the stargazers. Such fish is a separate species. Stargazers have a small long forked tail, and lack of dorsal fin. Continue reading

Golden pond fish

The history of breeding goldfish Asia has at least a Millennium and originated from children’s hobby to collecting. in which the housing was offered and developed in cages. in the paddocks. in the wells. in tubs and barrels for all small and medium animals — as the first kind of Pets at home .

In China and Korea over a thousand years ago was engaged in not only fishing. but breeding and raising goldfish. Over the years of breeding the Chinese fish farmers. appeared and established natural mutations with drastic changes in body shape and fin structure. eyes. the structure of the skin and staining fish were obtained decorative forms and color variations, which became the core of most of today’s known species.

The first written mention of the Golden fish with red scales came from China during the reign of the Qing dynasty ( 265 -420 ad ). In those days, these fish were seen in one of the lakes of mount Lushan. the area of the river the City is near the modern province of Shaanxi. which flows to the South China and Northern Vietnam. [6] In the ancient Chinese treatise Shan Hai Jing. presumably written in the late centuries BC — the beginning of our, there is also a record of the “red carp”. However, there is absolutely no certainty that these wild representatives were the ancestors of segodnyashnaya fish. It is assumed that the red coloration was obtained as a result of purposeful breeding work first pet lovers and falls on the reign of the Tang dynasty ( 618 -907 year of a new era ). [7]

It is possible that the appearance of unusual forms and colors of goldfish had a direct influence of the religious community professing Buddhism. manifestation of pity and humanity to the poor, while maintaining the ugly offspring of pond fish in specially equipped farms and dams, and then in specially created containers and decorative vessels; not taking them for food. Continue reading

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