Atkritumu fish. One dorsal fin. Pelvic fins located on the belly. In the pectoral fins and in most species the dorsal fin is spiny, often jagged rays. Non-rising mouth surrounded by tendrils. The jaws teeth. Body naked or covered with bony plates. Many have an adipose fin.
The inhabitants of the mainly tropical and subtropical freshwaters of South and Central America, Africa and Asia.
The squad consists of 20-30 families and over 1,200 species. 2 family of marine fish.
The Catfish Family – Siluridae
Body naked, elongated. Adipose fin not. The head is flattened, the mouth large, polverini. Dorsal fin short (not more than 5 rays). Anal fin long, not less than 70 rays. These freshwater and brackish-water predatory fish with spring and summer spawning. They live in fresh water in Europe and Asia, in addition to the basin of the Arctic ocean.
The family includes 8 genera, 2 of which are found in our country.
Rod Catfish – Silurus. Antennae 3 pairs. Thorn in the pectoral fin is smooth.
The genus includes 2 species.
Com S. glanis Linne, 1758. Front mandibular barbels shorter than the back. Spiny rays of the pectoral fin is strong (Fig. 110, 1). Reaches a length of 5 m. of residential Forms and the checkpoint form. These fish developed to take care of offspring. Soma build primitive nests from vegetation remnants.Inhabit the waterways of Europe: the Rhine, North to South Finland, and South to Asia Minor. Continue reading
Goldfish – Telescope (moor Carassius auratus) is an ornamental aquarium fish of the Carp family (Cyprinidae). This fish is also called depakinom and a water dragon. The telescope is one of the forms of the goldfish (Carasius auratus), bred through long selection.
The fish – telescopes bulbous rounded body. Its height more than half length of body. The fish have lengthened (up to ¾ of body length) two-bladed tail fin hanging down. The fin on the back stands upright. All other fins – long veil. The name telescope fish was at its largest (about 2 cm), protruding (bulging) eyes. The diameter of the eyes of the instances that took in Shanghai, up to 5 cm Fish – telescopes differ in the length and shape of the fins, color, presence or absence of scales and many others. Telescopes with a tail fin similar to a skirt, usually called a skirt, but if the tail is in the shape of ribbons — strip telescopes. More widespread telescopes, whose velvet-black color of the body, beautiful elongated fins and a forked caudal fin. The height of the body of the fish is equal to ¾ of its length. The black body of the telescope is covered with scales, which is in straight rows.
Telescopes that have symmetrical black and white color are called pandas, but if the torso is painted white, and panicipant black — billed magpie. Distinguished several types of telescopes, depending on the size, shape, and directions of the axes of the eye. Your eyes basically are: disc, spherical, spherical, conical and cylindrical. The eyes should be symmetrical and the same size. The fish, in which the axis of the eye is directed upward, is called the heavenly eye or the stargazers. Such fish is a separate species. Stargazers have a small long forked tail, and lack of dorsal fin. Continue reading
Poisonous fish on the planet much more than poisonous snakes – more than 1250 species (snakes – 410). And every year ichthyologists discover new dangerous species. In this article we are not talking about the exotic inhabitants of the tropical seas, and about ordinary Russian fish living in our rivers. That’s only when you try to use this trivial-looking production in food from fisherman might suddenly begin diarrhea, headache, hallucinations, and other troubles, including death.
Easy Russian fish
Let us first clarify what classes can be divided poisonous fish. So, they are primary and secondary toxic-poisonous. What does it mean? That means there are fish, like snakes produce venom in special glands or by its nature containing in the body dangerous products of metabolism, that is, initially-poisonous.
To secondary poisonous fish are able to accumulate in their bodies a poison contained in the environment. Such environments can be living in the pond poisonous algae or, even worse, fall into the water of toxic human waste.
And if the second paragraph is all clear, and to protect yourself from poisoning very easily (just not enough to catch and certainly not to eat fish caught in suspicious ponds), initially-poisonous things are much more complicated. We begin our story. Continue reading