animals

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Sharks (lat. Selachimorpha) is a superorder of cartilaginous fish comprising eight teams, twenty families and about 350 species. Members of the superorder widely distributed in all seas and oceans, there are also freshwater sharks. Most species belong to the so-called real predators, some species, particularly whale, and giant deep-sea sharks, eat plankton.

For many millions of years before the planet appeared the first man, ruler of the prehistoric seas was a shark. The power of evolution sowed on Earth, countless forms of life that could not stand the severe tests and disappeared one after another, as the shark continued to exist. One prehistoric era is succeeded by another, have any amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals – the shark continued to exist. Pterodactyls – the winged reptile for millions of years plied the skies, disappeared from the face of the Earth. Dinosaurs-Triceratops, Brontosaurus, allosaurus and many other “saurus”, it is important chestvovali on our planet died out, leaving no trace. As the shark continued to exist.

About 20 million years ago in the sea scoured a huge Stingray, weighing over 100 pounds, and more than 25 different species of sharks, including sharks, reaching 36 meters in length. The length of these monstrous sharks was Opredelenie their huge teeth. Some of the teeth found in California, weighing 340 grams each and reach 15 centimeters in length, and seven – and ten teeth are quite common. They are triangular in shape and closer to the teeth of modern great white sharks that do not exceed 5-6 inches now with a body length of shark of 12 meters (maximum length). These teeth belonged to the ancestor of the modern great white shark the carcharodon, in huge quantities inhabited the seas. When they were first found in the seventeenth-century scientists, naturalists believed that this fossil bird tongues or teeth of serpents. They could not imagine that this shark’s teeth, and ascribed them to the mythical animal. Continue reading

Environmental problems of the White sea

White sea belongs to the basin of the Arctic ocean and represents a huge reservoir polutoratonny. Seas of this type are relatively few. Similar characteristics possess Black sea, the Mediterranean, the Baltic and Hudson Bay. White sea is the smallest of them. It is divided into two unequal parts – the Northern (outer) and southern (inner). They are joined by a relatively narrow Strait, also called the throat.

In modern times, few bodies of water that don’t pollute and the White sea is no exception. Anthropogenic pollution of the White sea began immediately after the occurrence on its shores of a man and eventually became so significant that the consequences can be observed today.

In a relatively short era of navigation, some areas of the bottom, especially in small lips, where it is convenient to stand during the storm, were so covered with coal slag, which still have not recovered destroyed the bottom biocenoses. These environmental problems of the White sea cannot be considered modern, though harm from them not less.

The woodworking industry has no less impact on the ecology of the White sea. Wastes at sawmill one keretsky industrialist, was filled in the Strait between the two Islands on which it is located.The forest industry is one of the key environmental problems of the White sea. Continue reading

General information about aquarium fish for beginners.

Aquarium fish, by definition, live and breed in the aquarium. For the most part, people have fish for decoration, but in some cases they are specially bred for sale. Ornamental fish in natural conditions live in subtropical and tropical fresh waters, and obliges the owner of the aquarium to maintain appropriate habitat conditions with a high temperature water environment.

Many aquarium fish have odd shapes, small sizes and bright colors, for which they are highly appreciated in the decorative plan. The most popular are goldfish, which as if came to us from the famous fairy tale. In the Russian realities aquarium fish is ecosublime, Cypriniformes and Perciformes orders. Well, most often in aquariums of our residents can meet angelfish, barbs, catfish and nannostomusy.

If you are new to the aquarium thing, we might think that fish is an extremely stupid water creatures. In fact, they are bought only for beauty and decoration, so the mind is required. Moreover, some people consider fish not as living beings but as a real decorative object. Only with time come to them the idea that in the aquarium swim real Pets, for which poznavatelnoe very interesting to watch. Aquarium fish are often attracted to genetic research, resulting in new and very beautiful variety.

To do fish, you can not only adults but also children. For the latter category is especially useful, since communication with aquatic animals, develops psychological comfort and establishes emotional contact. Simultaneously, children develop skills and a sense of responsibility. Fish can even be affected person on a physiological level. In the process of monitoring the normalization of blood pressure, disappears stress, calms heart. Continue reading

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The greatest myths of modern times, Sharks
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10 most dangerous animals of the world
The planet Earth is home to a huge number of different living organisms, some of which can pose to life and health in serious danger. It should be noted that…

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My aquarium
The first thing we need to think about is the size of your aquarium. Much easier to maintain in good condition a large volume of sea water than small. The…

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