Carp

The silver carp is a large schooling fish of the family Cyprinidae. English name silver carp, which means silver carp.

With your mouth filter apparatus, carp profiltruyte from detritus blooming, green and muddy water. So that would be the pond was clear water, in addition to filtration systems, pond trigger carp. But purebred silver carp is already almost gone. Now almost everywhere you can find brightly colored and hybrid types.

Reaches a body length up to 1 m and weight 20 – 25 kg. the Presence of silver carp in reservoirs is able to increase the productivity of fish farms almost in 2 times. This fish is one of the main objects of fishery industrial cultivation and cultivation of fish. In natural water bodies in the case of the stocking is a food fish.

Taste carp meat is fatty, tender and tasty, can be a valuable object diet. Can be eaten fresh and frozen low-fat carp and silver carp in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in the diets (in a sparing diet). Have long been prized carp, carp, silver carp, and as sources of complete protein and vitamins in the diet of the child.

Silver carp is the only freshwater fish that contains the same fat as the fish – reduces the amount of cholesterol in the blood. The classes are as intensive diet carp (apotre***tokolo 1 kg / day), light diet (for 2 weeks), at which the lowering blood pressure and reducing cholesterol levels in the blood.

Bighead carp meat is better than white. The meat taste slightly worse than carp. Contains from 4.5 to 23.5% fat, the average number of 8.3 and 13.1 per cent. The fat content increases with size of fish. The meat of silver carp is well suited for cooking cutlets. The silver carp is also good in fried and braised dishes. Use for frying fish with a juicy, delicate, easily deformable meat. The meat of silver carp is. Especially delicious is the smoked meat of silver carp.

The meat of silver carp is tender and fatty, so it is suitable also for baking in the oven, cooking for a couple. Silver carps are very small (about 300 g), then they have a lot of bones. Large fish (up to 2-3 kg) contain less bones. From such fish it is possible to prepare good pieces of fillet that are marinated paneer and fry in oil.

Habitat.

The species is widely acclimatized in the European part of Russia and Central Asia. It winters in deep holes and in deep sleep. Both species are fishes of medium size, so keep it in small ponds.

Carp for life chooses areas with a muddy bottom and soft vegetation. Depth in such places is usually not more than 3-3,5 m. At dawn and at sunset the silver carp to the shore, and in the afternoon go down the beach. In areas of open water silver carps are kept on the sandy banks and pools with slow current. In small ponds, where the population of silver carp is high and forage is insufficient to catch it from the beginning of may to mid-September.

Food and nutrition.

Silver carp feeds on microscopic algae – phytoplankton, so this fish is a great improver of water. Bighead carp have a more diverse diet, which in addition to phytoplankton and zooplankton detritus is present (a source of protein and protein). That’s why bighead carp grows faster than the white. Hybrid carp occupies an intermediate position on the nature of power: feed on phytoplankton and zooplankton.

In the diet of silver carp does not compete with a white Amur, as well its supplements. Because bighead carp prefer zooplankton, the natural food component, it is competing with carp. This should be considered in their joint cultivation.

It will also require artificial feed and loose.

Reproduction and spawning.

Becomes sexually Mature at the age of 3-5 years, with a body length of 50 cm Method of reproduction is similar with white Amur. Spawn performs after reaching a water temperature of 18-20°C in may-June.

Caviar is floating. Spawn spawns on the course in places with whirlpools. The ROE is pelagic, in water swells and increases in size and develops. High fecundity – large producers weighing more than 20 kg – up to 3 million, pond fish weighing up to 8 kg – up to 1 million eggs.

In the waters of Russia flocks are maintained only by periodic stocking from fish farms. To marketable weight – 500-600 g grows at the age of two.

Fishing and fishing.

Catching carp can be from early may to mid-September. In waters where phytoplankton is abundant, to catch carp only when the water temperature is above 19 – 20 °C. during the period of maximum activity of silver carp with water temperatures of 22-26°C, the fish is indifferent to artificial bait and nozzles and catch her except by accident.

Silver carp jumping several feet out of the water in the direction of the noise source.

Silver carp are unpredictable in their behavior. The reaction of fish to noise (the strokes of the paddle on the water, knock on the bottom of the boat) original: he jumps several feet out of the water in the direction of the noise source and is often in the boat.

The most favorable conditions for catching carp are the absolute calm and the water temperature. The higher it is, the more actively feeding fish. The reason is simple: the higher the water temperature, the faster the assimilation of food. The easiest way to determine the activity of silver carp in the reservoir is a simple observation of the condition of the water. If the water is warm and clear – the bite is guaranteed. If the water is cloudy or bloom, then forage base in excess and to seduce his bait will not be easy.

For fishing using bottom gear, spinning rods with a reel. The tackle must be strong, because the silver carp is a strong and often makes rapid shots, jumping out of the water. To catch a fish on cucumber slices, cabbage leaves. One of the most efficient attachments – lightly cooked young peas (can use canned).

A hungry carp picks up the bait off the bottom and greedily swallows it. It turns out that fish samorodskaya. But if the stinger hook is not sharp enough, the silver carp, feeling the shot, spits out the hook with a nozzle and the whole flock leaving a dangerous place.

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